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3 Tips for Escaping a Sinking Car in the Winter as Quickly and Safely as Possible

It’s something everyone has seen in a movie or show, especially around this time of year; a vehicle slides on an icy, unplowed road and plummets into a nearby pond. Bodies of water in the winter time plunge to sometimes below freezing temperatures, making submersion accidents some of the most fatal. There is an estimated 80,000 submersion victims annually in the United States. Having an adequate self-rescue plan is the only way to properly prepare yourself and your family if tragedy strikes.

Remain Calm

If your vehicle has landed in a body of water, you should have 1-3 minutes before the car is completely submerged. Properly utilizing these moments are crucial for survival. Remain calm and quickly unbuckle yourself and any children or passengers in the car. Move all passengers of the vehicle to the front seat for a quicker and more organized evacuation.

Use the Windows to Escape a Submerged Car, Not the Doors

Do not open the doors. Understandably, this can be a natural first instinct if you are in a vehicle that has just landed in water. Opening the doors of a soon-to-be submerged vehicle can be extremely difficult, consuming the little time you have before the car begins to sink. An open door can also cause rapid flooding in the vehicle, making the time window for a quick and safe escape much shorter. Icy water can cause extreme hypothermia so avoiding being submerged in it is vital. Instead, the Indiana State Police has recommended that you should open the windows in the vehicle. Unless there was extravagant damage to the vehicle, both automatic and manual windows should function if opened immediately after the car crashes into water. In the event that windows are not functioning, try breaking them with your feet.

Time Is of the Essence When Escaping a Sinking Car

Within 30 seconds to 1 minute of landing in water the car's electrical systems—like power windows—begin to short. Within 1-3 minutes, the car could be completely submerged. Acting quickly and keeping this timeline in mind is crucial for survival.

Escape Quickly and Calmly

If the water is cold, try to remain on the part of the car that has not submerged, typically the rear bumper or trunk. Rescue can sometimes take a while so to avoid hypothermia you must stay out of freezing or cold waters. Wait there for help. If you absolutely must, or if the water is too deep, swim quickly to shore and seek emergency help. Do not return to vehicle for belongings.

Keller & Keller's Car Accident Attorneys Are Here to Help After an Accident

If you or someone you love was injured in an auto accident, give us a call at 800-253-5537 for a free consultation.

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How Much Is My Car Accident Injury Claim Worth?

Before we look at the factors that determine the value of your car accident claim, know this: NO ONE can initially tell you what your car accident claim is worth; not until you tell your version of the story, liability is nailed down, your medical treatment is finished, and an experienced personal injury law firm has reviewed your case.

And it's ok not to have an immediate dollar amount thrown at you. After all, if your accident had a "price tag," then there would be no opportunity for you to present your particular case, meaning you'd potentially risk shorting yourself thousands of dollars, or the entire claim!

(Having settled thousands of personal injury cases, we are certain of one fact: No two clients are alike, no two car accidents are alike, no matter how similar they seem.)

Our firm's #1 goal is likely similar to your own at the moment: recover the maximum amount of compensation for the accident. The way to ensure you receive a fair settlement is to present a professional and persuasive case that is supported by medical documentation and measurable course(s) of treatment, e.g., physical therapy.


You're likely worried about hospital bills, property damage, lost wages, and a possible change in lifestyle, so a quick settlement may seem attractive. However, as time passes, most clients are thankful they took the time to consult with someone who could advise them of future factors that could potentially increase their case value.

Scenarios that can increase the value of a car accident case might include:

  • The client's injuries worsened over time, leading to unforeseen treatments and costly procedures.
  • The client didn't predict the type and/or duration of treatment their injuries required.
  • The client didn't anticipate the strain the accident would place on their personal life.
  • The client didn't account for the long-term psychological effects.

These points are common after-effects accident victims are unable to predict immediately following their accident, and the insurance company is going to try and settle with you before any of these scenarios occur.

Ultimately, your damages are likely to have additional value if presented to an insurance company by way of experienced legal representation. Having an attorney allows you to take the time you need to ultimately see the full picture of your claim, and remember, once you sign a release of all claims, you're essentially telling the insurance company they're "off the hook."


Each person is unique, each accident is unique, every case has unique value, and there are no exceptions to this rule. Let's look at an example:

  • Driver A is a young pregnant female with no pre-existing medical conditions. She has been involved in a rear-end car accident collision. She was taken by ambulance to the hospital for examination of back and neck pain. The doctors diagnose her with whiplash and prescribe her a course of treatment that is consistent with the needs of her pregnancy. She completes treatment and is released soon after.
  • Driver B is a middle-aged male with prior back surgery. He has also been involved in a rear-end style car accident collision and is experiencing neck and back pain. He was not able to visit a doctor until two weeks after the crash due to fear of missing work and losing his job. When he is able to visit the doctor, he is diagnosed with whiplash and is prescribed a course of physical therapy. He is released soon after.

Let's also assume that Driver A and Driver B were rear-ended at the same spot on the same highway on the same day. Additionally, the vehicles that struck A & B were traveling at the same speed at the time of impact. Weather conditions were the same for both accidents, and both A & B and the adverse drivers have the same insurance companies, etc.

What does all this mean?

Despite everything we know about driver's A & B accident details, their claims will have different values!

Even with all the listed similarities, it's very unlikely that driver A & B will undergo the similar medical treatment for their injuries; respond to treatment in the same manner; or experience the same types of aggravation and frustration in the days and months after their accident.


This "formula" is an estimate that has often been thought of by many as a way to value car accident claims. And though it is true that you may receive three times your medical bills, it's also just as likely that you'll receive more or less.

In short, never assume the value of your car accident claim is simply "3 x's your medical bills."


There are typically 3 components we look to recover for in a personal injury case that arises from a car accident:

  1. Past and future medical bills
  2. Past and future lost wages, or loss of earning capacity
  3. Past and future pain, suffering, disfigurement, and disability

Again, the numbered factors above don't apply to every case, and you should always have an experienced injury lawyer evaluate your specific claim.


Accidents that leave a person with traumatic injuries; broken bones; the need for surgery; permanent hardware; and/or cause death, may constitute what is known as a "policy limits demand."

In these instances, our personal injury attorneys will immediately notify the adverse insurance company of our representation of a client and ask that they send us what is known as a "certified declarations (DEC) sheet." This document will reveal the total amount of available dollars under the liable party's policy.

Once we receive the DEC sheet we will be able to tell you how much money is available, and whether or not your injuries justify asking for the entire amount. However, it will still be very difficult to predict the value of your car accident claim, because other factors will almost certainly play a role.

For instance, we may be able to reduce certain medical bills on your behalf so that you're not required to pay back the full amount, thus increasing your settlement. We may also be able to secure Underinsured Motorists Coverage (UIM) from your policy in the event that the adverse policy limits are inadequate.


Asking an experienced personal injury attorney to examine an insurance policy ensures you aren't leaving money on the table. Policies can be confusing, full of difficult-to-understand contract language, some of which is applicable to your case, and some that isn't.

If your everyday job doesn't require you to review insurance policies, then your chance of fully understanding available coverage will be challenging. Fortunately, we have more than 75 years of locating and examining insurance polices for car accident victims, so we can help guide you and youir family in the right direction at no cost.

Ultimately, speaking with an experienced injury law firm about your case is an excellent step toward determining what your car accident case is worth.