Although laws governing mopeds and scooters took effect in Indiana in January 2015, there continues to be confusion about their application. Not understanding and complying with these Indiana moped laws can cause serious problems for moped and scooter riders.
The laws classify mopeds and scooters into one of two categories, each with unique rules. Motor-driven cycles, as the law refers to mopeds and scooters, are classified as a motor-driven cycle class A or a motor-driven cycle class B. The law also recognizes the classification of motorcycles, which has historically existed in Indiana.
Class A Motor Driven Cycles
The law defines class A motor-driven cycles as having an engine that produces no more than five horsepower; a seat or saddle for the use of the rider; and, being designed to travel on no more than three wheels. In order to operate a motor-driven cycle class A, a rider must have one of the following: a valid driver’s license with an MC (motorcycle) endorsement; a valid driver’s license with an MC endorsement with a class A restriction; or, a valid driver’s license and a motorcycle learner’s permit. For a class A motor-driven cycle, insurance and registration are required. Additionally, riders under the age of 18 must wear a helmet.
Class B Motor Driven Cycles
The second classification is class B motor-driven cycle, which is defined by the law as having a cylinder capacity that does not exceed 50 cc (cubic centimeters); a seat or saddle for the use of the rider; and, being designed to travel on no more than three wheels. A rider of a class B motor-driven cycle must have a valid driver’s license without any endorsement; a valid learner’s permit without any approval; or, an unexpired Indiana identification card with a class B endorsement. Additionally, the rider must register the motor-driven cycle class B with the Indiana Bureau of Motor Vehicles (BMV), but insurance is not required. To operate a class B motor-driven cycle, the rider must be 15 years old and wear a helmet while under the age of 18. Additionally, a motor-driven cycle class B must operate at no more than 35 MPH and passengers are not permitted.